A 初学者’s Guide to 莓鲈 and 莓鲈 钓鱼

莓鲈 are the most distinctive and largest members of the Centrarchidae family of sunfish. There are two species, black 莓鲈 (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) and white 莓鲈 (Pomoxis annularus). 莓鲈 fishing is very popular, as both species are considered excellent food fish and sportfish, 和甜蜜的, 白色片状肉. 莓鲈 are plentiful in many places, and creel limits are often liberal. Where permitted, when 莓鲈 fishing it does no harm to keep a batch for a delicious 餐.

识别

The black 莓鲈 and white 莓鲈 are silvery olive to bronze with dark spots; on the black 莓鲈 the spots are irregularly arranged instead of appearing in seven or eight vertical bands as they do on the white 莓鲈. 这两个 species are laterally compressed and deep-bodied. The best way to differentiate the two species is by counting dorsal fin spines, as the black 莓鲈 usually has seven or eight, 白鬼六人组.

栖息地

黑莓鲈 prefer cooler, deeper, clearer waters with more abundant aquatic vegetation than do white 莓鲈. This includes still backwater lakes, sloughs, creeks, streams, lakes, and ponds. White 莓鲈 occur in creek backwaters, 缓慢流动流, sand- and mud-bottomed pools, 小到大的河流, 还有湖泊和池塘. They prefer shallower water and can tolerate warmer, more turbid, and slightly alkaline waters. They are usually found near dropoffs, standing timber, brushy cover, or other artificial cover.

组织行为

Since both species congregate, an angler who comes across one 莓鲈 is likely to find others nearby. They are especially active in the evening and early morning, and remain active throughout winter.

食物

Small minnows form a large part of the adult fish’s diet, and they consume the fry of many gamefish species. 在水库南部, gizzard or threadfin shad are major forage, 在北部各州, 昆虫是占主导地位的. They feed through the winter and are very active under the ice.

莓鲈钓鱼基础知识

 
  • 莓鲈 are mostly minnow eaters, and minnows hide around any kind of brush or weeds to avoid being eaten. The key to how to catch 莓鲈 is to focus on fishing wherever minnows hide. That also includes fallen trees, 灌木, 老码头, 淹没了杂草, or shoals covered with moss, 加上失事船只, 码头, 和种植brushpiles. 当这些都不奏效的时候, try drifting with the wind or slow-trolling across a lake, plying a minnow at different depths until you cross paths with a school of roving 莓鲈.
  • 小小鱼生活 are popular 莓鲈 baits. Although 莓鲈 are infrequently caught on various plugs (occasionally on a surface lure or a crankbait), the one artificial that pays off regularly is a small leadhead 跳汰机 with a soft-plastic body resembling a minnow. The trick is to fish this very slow. Jigs weighing from 1/64- to 1/16-ounce are often better than heavier ones, and this requires using light line.
  • 莓鲈 anglers primarily use ultralight spinning or spincasting reels equipped with 4- or 6-pound-test line and 5- to 5 1/2-foot-long rods. Fly rods, telescoping fiberglass rods, and cane poles are popular as well.

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肯•舒尔茨

肯•舒尔茨

肯•舒尔茨 was a longtime staff writer for Field & Stream magazine and is the former 钓鱼 Editor of ESPNoutdoors.com. He’s written and photographed nineteen books on sportfishing topics, plus an annual fishing tips calendar, and his writing has appeared on various websites for more than two decades. 他的作者网站是 kenschultz.com